La Bibliothèque du Vatican met en ligne un manuscrit précolombien, le Codex Borgianus, datant du XVe siècle

Also known as Codex Borgianus, it was probably transcribed in the area around Puebla (Mexico) at the end of the XV century. Its format is unusual: a strip of deerskin 10 meters long and 27 cm high, folded in 39 equal parts, closed like an accordion one on the other. The volume was partially damaged by fire. It is one of the few codices Mesoamerican escaped the destruction of the Spanish missionaries and is composed entirely of pictograms of extraordinary craftsmanship.
The presence of an initial calendar suggests a ritual function, perhaps of divination, probably within a community of language Nahuatl. The divinities and astronomical symbols represented in the manuscript were identified by comparison with other sources. We do not know precisely the circumstances in which it entered in the Borgia collection; an annotation in Italian would suggest that the codex was already in Europe in the XVI century.


Ver en línea :